The Global Institute of Nanotechnology is a non-profit organization that promotes research and education pertaining to the use of nanotechnology in three broad areas (1) Health-care and health diagnostics, (2) Renewable and green energy driven systems, and (3) Information Technology.
The Institutes activities include developing nanobiosensors for diagnosing and treating aging-associated degenerative diseases such as coronary heart diseases, diabetes, and sleep disorders, and incurable neuro-degenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. Additionally, the institute is helping build a cyber-physical system that integrates health diagnostic sensors with wireless systems and cloud computing infrastructure to collect, store, and analyze health data. This will help build an end-to-end system that can remotely, non-intrusively monitor veterans and war returns and notify caregivers in the event of an emergency. The institute also establishes hospitals and mobile clinics at selected overseas locations for application and propagation of advanced healthcare technologies developed through GINTEM's efforts. The research hospitals use the point-of-care (POC) networks set up by GINTEM to diagnose the patients wherever they may be and provide healthcare data with the software developed by GINTEM. The POC station will employ caregivers who will help in locating the doctors and hospitals nearest to the patient. Thus, GINTEM research hospitals will use the already established hospitals for the treatment of patients. The required healthcare providers also include nurses, cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, neurosurgeons, pulmonary analysts, sleep disorder specialists, and special nurses trained in the use of wireless nanobiosensors in intensive care units.
Another broad area the Institute is working on is renewable energy driven systems. The Institute is helping build highly efficient nanotechnology based scavengers for solar, wind, and heat energy. With threats of global warming, systems that can efficiently scavenge and use energy from alternative sources will play a major role in driving our future.
The third area the Institute is helping in is Information technology. With computers used ubiquitously in our day-to-day life, their importance cannot be overemphasized. The institute, through several cyber-physical initiatives is working on collecting, analyzing, and storing health care information using nanobiosensors. It is looking into helping researchers with important problems with information technology such as data integrity and security.